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home >> about west bengal >> basic information
BASIC INFORMATION
West Bengal is located at the center of the Eastern Region of India. The state is strategically positioned with 3 international frontiers, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. The state of West Bengal borders the states of Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, Sikkim and Assam. It stretches for about 700 km, from the blue waters of the Bay of Bengal in the South to the mighty Himalayas in the North.
88752 sq. km (less than 3% of total area of India)
91,347,736 (7.55% of total population of India)
Summer - 24 degree Celsius to 40 degree Celsius
Winter - 7 degree Celsius to 26 degree Celsius

The average temperature in March ranges from 28 degree Celsius to 32 degree Celsius.
June - September
175 cms (annual average)
 
West Bengal Snapshot
Economy
West Bengal is the sixth largest economy in the country after Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. The tertiary sector is the largest contributor to the net domestic product of the state, contributing 65.52% of the net state domestic product compared to 18.76% from primary and 15.72% from secondary sector. During 2011-12 the rate of growth of per capita income in the state was 6.21%.
Market
There are 909 towns and 25 urban agglomerations in the state. Kolkata UA is the third largest among the megacities in India in terms of population. A vast rural captive market is also available in West Bengal.
Economic Growth
Industrial : As against the present growth rate of index of industrial production of 2.8 % at the national level, the index of industrial production in West Bengal stands at 1.8 % (2011-12, April - November).
State Domestic Products : During the year 2011-12, the growth of Net State Domestic Product of West Bengal was 6.66% as against 6.48% growth of gross domestic product of the country over this period.
Power
Installed Capacity : 10194.1 MW ( April – November, 2011-12)
Generation : 55527.0 MU

The state also offers a steady power supply at competitive tariffs.
Roads
 
Total Road Length: 299,209 kms
National Highways: 2,578 kms
State Highways: 4,505 kms
Other PWD Roads: 11,597 kms
Rural Roads: 171,307 kms
Urban Roads: 94,179 kms
Communications
Telecom : As on March 2012 the state has about 71.26 million mobile subscribers. The total teledensity is 77.87

VSNL has its international gateway and earth station in and around Kolkata. Mobile cellular services and e-mail services are available from a host of operators. International connectivity is provided through VSNL and five STPI earth stations, viz. Kolkata, Durgapur, Kharagpur, Haldia, and Siliguri. DoT/GoI has selected Digha in East Midnapore district as the cable landing station for the submarine cable laying project connecting India and South East Asia.
Ports
Airports : There is an international airport at Kolkata and a domestic airport at Bagdogra, Siliguri.

India’s first aerotropolis is slated to come up near Durgapur – Andal region.
Seaports : There are two riverine ports at Kolkata and Haldia.
 
Industrial Parks
WBIDC has developed multi product and sector-specific industrial parks with state-of-the-art infrastructure keeping in mind the GoWB roadmap for rapid industrial growth. Some of the parks developed by WBIDC include Manikanchan SEZ, Shilpangan, Garment Park, Food Park, Plasto Steel Park, Poly Park, Vidyasagar Industrial Park, Raghunathpur Steel & Allied Industrial Park, Panagarh Industrial Park, Shalboni Industrial Park, Godapiasal Industrial Park, Salanpur Industrial Park, Rishi Bankim Industrial Park etc.
 
Growth Centres
There are 12 Growth Centres for medium and large scale industries, exclusive growth centres for Electronics Industries, Software Technology Park at Salt Lake, Export Processing Industrial Park at Durgapur and Export Processing Zone at Falta.
Major Industries
Iron & Steel, Heavy & Light Engineering products, Leather & Leather products, Chemicals & Petrochemicals and downstream, Textiles, Gems & Jewellery, Food processing ,Hospitality & Tourism, IT and IT enabled services, Automobile and Auto components, Drugs & Pharmaceuticals, Papers, Tea, Jute products, Electrical & Electronics, Infrastructure & Real Estate
 
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